Spherulitic crystallization of quartz-like GeO2 and correlated second harmonic generation in sodium tantalum germanate glasses

Category : Publications | Date : Oct 5, 2021

Renato Oliveira Evangelista, Thierry Cardinal, Evelyne Fargin, Sonia Buffiere, Nithavong Cam, Marc Dussauze, Vincent Rodriguez, Frederic Adamietz, Lia Marcondes, Gislene Batist, Fabia Castro Cassanjes, Gael Poirier

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 877, 5 October 2021, 160245


Complex sequential crystallization mechanisms were investigated in the glass composition 70GeO2-10Na2O-20Ta2O5 prepared by melt-quenching. In a first stage, a classical volume-nucleated crystallization of sodium tantalate perovskite Na2Ta8O21 is induced under short time heat-treatments whereas longer annealing treatments promote the formation of surface spherical structures known as spherulites. These singular glass-ceramics were deeply investigated by density measurements, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Auger Electron Spectroscopy (EDS), correlated Raman and second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy as well as macro-SHG measurements. These surface spherulites with average size up to 50 µm are richer in tantalum but poorer in germanium than the surrounding material. However, measured SHG signals were found to be related to quartz-like α-GeO2 grown inside the spherulites. Therefore these materials exhibit a second-order non-linear optical response, related to the symmetry of the point group D3 given by the quartz GeO2 grown for the first time in a transparent glass-ceramic.